McFarland State Historic Park

In 1878, Florence was known as "the garden city." Located in the middle of the desert, its green grass spread outward from tall stands of cottonwood trees that lined the hard-packed streets. Farmers, ranchers and miners would join townsfolk at the courthouse, the center of activity, to socialize and transact business.  

This adobe brick building, now McFarland State Historic Park, served as many things during the late 1800s and early 1900s, most notably as a jail house and a hospital. Built in 1877-1878, it held the sheriff's office, the courtroom, the judge's chambers, and the jail on the first floor. The second story was used as a jury room and quarters for visiting lawmen.

In Arizona Territory, the county sheriff was the judicial system. Lawmen wearing a silver star rode very tall in their saddles. Many upheld the law with dignity, while many became lawless themselves. It took strength, courage and wits to survive in Florence. It was a place where stagecoaches were robbed by women like Pearl Hart and saloons outnumbered churches 28 to one.

Today, the park is filled with the history of Arizona and the characters who lived here.

Located at:
Main and Ruggles
Florence, Arizona

Park hours:
8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Thursday through Monday

Special Programs & Events

  • Videos on Senator McFarland & World War II's largest POW Camp.
  • Guided tours and historic story telling available by reservation.
  • May - Historic Preservation Week activities.

Park Facilities

Courthouse listed on the National Register of Historic Sites, archives building, picnic area with tables and restrooms. Courtroom available for select special events.


The Arizona State Parks Board received the park as a donation from the McFarland Family in 1977. The park is open 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Thursday through Monday, except Christmas, and located on the corner of Ruggles and Main Streets in Florence. Park elevation is 1490 feet. Entrance fee is $2 per adult, $1 per youth 7-13 years and children 6 years and younger free. Discounts available for groups of 6 or more. The courtroom can be rented for special events by obtaining a Special Use Permit from the Park Manager.


  • Keep pets on a leash. No pets allowed in the museum.
  • Damaging or removing the natural rocks, vegetation or public property is prohibited.

Lodging & Hotels

There is one motel with 24 units and one bed & breakfast. Camping is available at nearby Picacho Peak, Lost Dutchman and Catalina State Parks.

  For more information contact:
McFarland State Historic Park
P.O. Box 109
Florence, AZ 85232
Phone: 520-868-5216
Fax - Same

For more information on the Florence area visit our web host the